THIS IS A VERY NICE INDIAN GAME STONE OR CEREMONIAL CAKE DISCOIDAL. IT MAY BE OLD BUT NOT ANCIENT. IT IS VERY WELL MADE AND ATTRACTIVE. I HAD RATHER YOU BUY IT AS A MODERN PIECE YET I WILL GUARANTEE YOUR COMPLETE SATISFACTION.
THIS PIECE HAS USE AND AGE PITS WITH LOTS OF PATINA AND TWO EDGE CHIPS. IT IS MADE FROM THE COOSE RIVER AREA, ALABAMA. IT IS 3.80" IN DIAMETER AND 1.05" WIDE. BUY IT AS MODERN.
***USUALLY WHEN I FEATURE ONE OF THE ARTIFACTS FROM THE COOSE RIVER AREA IT IS BOUGHT BE SOMEONE THAT KNOWS THE MINES, COLLECTION AND AREA. THE BUYER'S FROM THAT AREA TOLD ME TO NOT WORRY ABOUT THEM BEING OK AND OLD. BUYERS FROM THE AREA WANT THEM AS THEY KNOW THE COLLECTION. THEY EVEN SEND ARTICLES TO ME ABOUT IT. ONE SUCH ARTICLE IS PRINTED BELOW. OLD OR MODERN IT WILL MAKE A GOOD ADDITION TO YOUR COLLECTION BUT I WANT YOU TO BUY THIS EFFIGY AS MODERN.
I BOUGHT THIS CEREMONIAL DISCOIDAL OR GAME PIECE AS PART OF A VERY LARGE COLLECTION OF A FARMER FROM HIS LARGE FARMLANDS OVER MANY YEARS OF SEARCH AND EXCAVATION. THE FARMER DIED AND HIS SON INHERITED THE COLLECTION. THE PLACE OF PROVENANCE WAS NEAR A TRIBUTARY OF THE COOSA RIVER IN CHEROKEE COUNTY, NW ALABAMA .
I GUARANTEE YOUR COMPLETE SATISFACTION.
A Brief History
The Coosa River is one of Alabama's most utilized rivers. It begins in the northwestern corner of Georgia where several mountain tributaries of the Blue Ridge Mountains and Cumberland Plateau join together, mostly notably, the Conasauga, Coosawattee, Oostanaula and Etowah Rivers. Around 90% of the Coosa River's length is located in Alabama. The river starts in Rome, Georgia and ends just northeast of the Alabama state capital, Montgomery, where it merges with the Tallapoosa River to form the Alabama River. Coosa County, Alabama is located on the Coosa River.
Native Americans had been living on the Coosa Valley for centuries before Hernando de Soto and his men became the first Europeans to discover it in 1540. De Soto used the help of the native tribes for their food and natural resources as they explored the valley (present-day Alabama and Georgia). The Coosa chiefdom was one of the most powerful chiefdoms in the southeast at the time. The natives were not pleased with the manner in which de Soto ravaged their land, forcing the Choctaw chief, Tuscaloosa, to stage an attack on de Soto and his men in Mauvila, in the south of Alabama. Although the Spanish won the battle, de Soto soon left the state demoralized and headed westward. However, the toll on the tribes was far greater, with the widespread disease, especially smallpox, left by the Spanish killing off many of Choctaw tribes over a period of decades
A couple of decades after the Spanish left the Coosa Valley, the British established heavy trading ties with the tribes around the early 17th century, much to the dismay of France. The French believed that the Coosa River was a key gateway to the entire South and they earnestly wanted to control the valley, since the main transportation of the day was by boat. The convergence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers was the gateway to Mobile Bay, which was where the Europeans docked coming and going from their home countries
Scattered though the eastern Appalachian Blue Ridge and Piedmont are many isolated bodies of ultramafic rock; all are to some degree metamorphosed and weathered. One such body is Soapstone Ridge in southeast Atlanta. Lying in south DeKalb County near the I-75/I-285 intersection, Soapstone Ridge seems to be an ancient body of deep ocean crust/mantle with its ultramafic rock altered to soapstone (steatite), pushed into place during assembly of Pangaea. The base of this body shows thrust fault contact with underlying rock.
Soapstone is dirty talc; talc is metamorphosed ultramafic rock, usually serpentine. Serpentine is water-damaged peridotite. Peridotite forms near the crust-mantle boundary at mid-ocean ridges where the driving forces of plate tectonic motion create new ocean crust. When we see serpentine on land, we are looking at a body of deep ocean crust that has been soaked in seawater, broken by tectonic collision, and wedged up from ocean depths. Serpentine often occurs in association with other deep-ocean rocks: pillow basalts, diabase sheet dikes, and gabbros. This rock suite, collectively called an ophiolite, occurs in mountain chains worldwide. Taken together, this suite constitutes a vertical section of ocean crust; its presence on land is considered evidence of past activity at destructive tectonic margins (subduction zones).
Native Americans made bowls from Soapstone Ridge rock, as indigenous peoples have done with similar rock in Alaska and Nova Scotia. The Soapstone Ridge area may contain their artifacts and other archaeological evidence, as well as plant communities adapted to nutrient-poor serpentine soils. Although the Soapstone Ridge area has been disturbed by recent development, presence of massive rock near the ground surface has inhibited large-scale construction.
The geology of the Appalachians dates back to more than 480 million years ago. A look at rocks exposed in today's Appalachian mountains reveals elongate belts of folded and thrust faulted marine sedimentary rocks, volcanic rocks and slivers of ancient ocean floor - strong evidence that these rocks were deformed during plate collision. The birth of the Appalachian ranges marks the first of several mountain building plate collisions that culminated in the construction of the super continent Pangaea with the Appalachians near the center.
During the earliest Paleozoic Era, the continent that would later become North America straddled the equator. The Appalachian region was a passive plate margin, not unlike today's Atlantic Coastal Plain Province. During this interval, the region was periodically submerged beneath shallows seas. Thick layers of sediment and carbonate rock were deposited on the shallow sea bottom when the region was submerged. When seas receded, terrestrial sedimentary deposits and erosion dominated.
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