THIS IS A EXCELLENT CONDITION AUTHENTICATED ANCIENT HOHOKAM INDIAN FEMALE EFFIGY FOOD STORAGE POT WITH CHILD ON HER BACK. IT WS BEAUTIFULLY PAINTED IN TAN, RED AND BLACK WITH ATTRACTIVE NATIVE DESIGNS HIGHLIGHTED BY THE FEMALE FACE, EARS, ARMS, BODY, LEGS AND FEET. IT IS AGED FROM 1250-1450 A.D. GRADED A G-9 ALTHOUGH I THINK IT SHOULD BE GRADED A G-10. IT HAS THE CIRCLES OF LIFE DESIGN. IT IS 6.50" HIGH AND 6.50" DIAMETER WITH ROUND SHAPE INCLUDING THE BOTTOM. THE PROVENANCE IS GRANT COUNTY, NM. TODAYS ESTIMATED VALUE IS $1,200 BUT YOU CAN BUY IT FOR MUCH LESS BECAUSE I AM LIQUIDATING MY PERSONAL COLLECTION. THE CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY ISSUED IN 2009 WILL BE PROVIDED WITH THIS BEAUTIFUL AND AUTHENTIC EXCELLENT PIECE OF WESTERN NATIVE INDIAN HISTORY. NOTICE THE BABY ADDED TO HER BACK.
BUYER PAYS $20 MAILING COST. BUYER PAYS THE COST OF INSURANCE. email@example.com
The Hohokam (/ho?ho?'k??m/) were an ancient Native American culture centered on the present-US state of Arizona. The Hohokam are one of the four major cultures of the American Southwest and Northern Mexico in Southwestern archaeology. Considered part of the Oasisamerica tradition, the Hohokam established significant trading centers such as at Snaketown and are considered to be the builders of the original canal system around the Phoenix metropolitan area, which the Mormon pioneers rebuilt when they settled the Lehi area of Mesa near Red Mountain. Variant spellings in current, official usage include Hobokam, Huhugam and Huhukam.
The Hohokam culture was differentiated from others in the region in the 1930s by archaeologist Harold S. Gladwin, who applied the existing O'odham term for the culture, huhu-kam, meaning "all used up", To classify the remains he was excavating in the Lower Gila Valley. According to the National Park Service Website, Hohokam is an O'odham word used by archaeologists to identify a group of people who lived in the Sonoran Desert.
HOHOKAM POTTERY FROM CASA GRANDE:
Hohokam ceramics are defined by a distinct Plain, Red, and Decorated buffware tradition. Overall Hohokam pottery was made from a small fine clay base connected to a series of coils that were thinned and shaped using the paddle and anvil technique. Hohokam Plain and Red wares were primarily tempered with a variety of materials including micaceous, phyllite, or Squaw Peak schist, as well as granite, quartz, quartzite, and arkosic sands. Analytically, based on the type of temper used, these are classified as to the geographic setting of their manufacture, and are referred to as Gila (Gila River basin), Wingfield (Agua Fria basin, the Northern Periphery, or Lower Verde Area), Piestewa Peak (Phoenix Metro area north of the Salt River), South Mountain (Phoenix Metro area south of the Salt River), or Salt (Salt or Verde river basins) Plain and Red wares. The surfaces of Plain wares were smoothed to some extent and many were polished, and after the vessels were fired, they turned a color that ranged from light or dark brown, gray, to orange. Later in time, the interiors of bowls were slipped with a black carbonous material. Hohokam Red wares were slipped with an iron-based pigment that turned red after the vessel was fired.
The manufacture of decorated Hohokam pottery was similar to that of the plain wares. However, the clay's tended to be of a finer quality and were tempered with caliche and limited amounts of very finely ground micaceous schist and small particles of vegetive material.